NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Civics Chapter 10 Struggle for Equality

Question 1.
What do you think is meant by the expression ‘power over the ballot box’? Discuss.                (NCERT Page 115)
By the expression “power over the ballot box” we mean that every adult citizen has great power in the right to vote.

  1. By voting people elect or replace their representatives. So the elected representatives have to work for the welfare of the people. Otherwise, they may be replaced.
  2. The ballot box provides the equality that vote of one person, rich or poor, is as good as of any other.

Question 2.
Can you think of one person in your family, community, village, town, or city whom you respect because of their fight for equality and justice? (NCERT Page 116)
Students to answer themselves.

Question 3.
What issue is the Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS) fighting for? (NCERT Page 118)
Issue of their right of fish caught in the Tawa Reservoir.

Question 4.
Why did the villagers set up this organisation? (NCERT Page 118)
To fight for the right to fish caught in the Tawa Reservoir and the right to equality.

Question 5.
Do you think that the large-scale participation of villagers has contributed to the success of the TMS? Write two lines on why you think so? (NCERT Page 118)

  1. The villagers rose against the high-handedness of the contractors.
  2. They caused chakka jam and forced the government of Madhya Pradesh to form a committee.
  3. The committee recommended their right to catch fish in the Tawa Reservoir.
  4. Now they manage a cooperative for organized working.

Question 6.
Can you think of an incident in your life in which one person or a group of people came together to change an unequal situation? (NCERT Page 119)
Yes. In our village Dalits organized and obtained their right to send their children to school where students from all castes and religions study together.

Question 7.
What is your favourite line in the song given on page 120? (NCERT Page 120)
My hunger has the right ……….. to know why grain rot in godowns.

Question 8.
What does the poet mean when he says, “My hunger has the right to know”? (NCERT Page 120)
By these lines, the poet means that the victim should have the right to know the cause of his sufferings. As why grain is rotting in the godowns and the poor are hungry.

Question 9.
Can you share with your class a local song or a poem on the dignity that is from your area? (NCERT Page 120)
Yes. The student to do it themselves.

Question 10.
What role does the Constitution play in people’s struggles for equality?
(NCERT Page 121)
Indian Constitution recognises the equality of all. Constitution helps people in their struggle for equality through laws and through government schemes

  1. Every person is equal before the law
  2. No one is discriminated against on the basis of religion caste race or gender
  3. Everyone has access to all public places
  4. Untouchability is abolished

Question 11.
Can you make up a social advertisement on equality? You can do this in small groups. (NCERT Page 121)
Yes, do it yourself with the help of your teacher.
Note: There are no textual questions in this chapter.

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