NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights

The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 Democratic Rights offer comprehensive answers to the exercise questions found in the textbook. These solutions serve as valuable practice material for students in their preparation for the Social Science exam. By adopting the answers provided in these solutions during the exam, students can significantly improve their chances of scoring higher marks. Regularly solving these exercises will familiarize students with the most effective approaches to tackle various question types encountered in the annual examination.

1. Which of the following is not an instance of an exercise of a fundamental right?
a) Workers from Bihar go to the Punjab to work on the farms
b) Christian missions set up a chain of missionary schools
c) Men and women government employees get the same salary
d) Parents’ property is inherited by their children

Ans. Parents’ property is inherited by their children

2. Which of the following freedoms is not available to an Indian citizen?
a) Freedom to criticise the government
b) Freedom to participate in armed revolution
c) Freedom to start a movement to change the government
d) Freedom to oppose the central values of the Constitution

Ans. Freedom to participate in armed revolution

3. Which of the following rights is available under the Indian Constitution?
a) Right to work
b) Right to adequate livelihood
c) Right to protect one’s culture
d) Right to privacy

Ans. Right to protect one’s culture

4. Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls:
a) Freedom to propagate one’s religion
b) Right to life
c) Abolition of untouchability
d) Ban on bonded labour

Ans. a). Right to Freedom of Religion
b). Right to Freedom
c). Right to Equality
d). Right against Exploitation

5. Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid? Give reasons for your preference.
a) Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.
b) Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.
c) Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.

Ans. Granting rights to its citizens is an essential aspect of any democratic nation, as it revolves around prioritizing the well-being of its people. Nevertheless, it’s important to note that a country that provides rights to its citizens might not necessarily be classified as a democratic country.

6. Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.
a) Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.
b) Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.
c) The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.

Ans. a. Indeed, it is justified. Despite the fact that the right to travel throughout the country is a fundamental right, there exist reasonable restrictions. These limitations are imposed to safeguard the interests of diverse communities within the country and to maintain law and order.

b. Absolutely, this is justified, as its purpose is to safeguard the cultural and linguistic rights of specific segments of the community.

c. No, it is not justified. It restricts an individual’s fundamental right to freedom, wherein they can express their opinions. Freedom of speech and expression empowers individuals to express their thoughts.

7. Manoj went to a college to apply for admission into an MBA course. The clerk refused to take his application and said “You, the son of a sweeper, wish to be a manager! Has anyone done this job in your community? Go to the municipality office and apply for a sweeper’s position”. Which of Manoj’s fundamental rights are being violated in this instance? Spell these out in a letter from Manoj to the district collector.

Ans. Manoj’s fundamental right to equality has been infringed upon. The right to equality grants individuals the right to secure employment irrespective of their caste, gender, or religion. Additionally, the right to freedom, which guarantees personal liberty, has also been violated in this case. This right ensures that anyone has the freedom to pursue employment opportunities.

8. When Madhurima went to the property registration office, the exercises Registrar told her, “You can’t write your name as Madhurima Banerjee d/o A. K. Banerjee. You are married, so you must give your husband’s name. Your husband’s surname is Rao. So your name should be changed to Madhurima Rao.” She did not agree. She said “If my husband’s name has not changed after marriage, why should mine?” In your opinion who is right in this dispute? And why?

Ans. Madhurima’s assertion is valid. The registrar is infringing upon her right to freedom. The decision regarding whether to adopt her husband’s surname or her father’s surname is entirely at Madhurima’s discretion. By pressuring her to conform to her husband’s surname, the registrar has violated both her right to choose and her right to privacy.

9. Thousands of tribals and other forest dwellers gathered at Piparia in Hoshangabad district in Madhya Pradesh to protest against their proposed displacement from the Satpura National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary and Panchmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary. They argue that such a displacement is an attack on their livelihood and beliefs. Government claims that their displacement is essential for the development of the area and for protection of wildlife. Write a petition on behalf of the forest dwellers to the NHRC, a response from the government and a report of the NHRC on this matter.


(a) The petition should be drafted as follows:

Throughout centuries, we, the tribal and forest communities, have resided in close proximity to forests, relying on them for our sustenance. These woodlands serve as our homes and workplaces, playing a vital role in our lives. It is unjustifiable to force us out of our ancestral dwellings, as it deprives us of our means of livelihood and disrupts our cultural traditions. We beseech you to consider alternative solutions, as we have no viable alternatives to turn to.

(b) The Government’s Response:

In order to protect endangered wildlife, the government has decided to create wildlife parks and sanctuaries. These areas will provide safe habitats for endangered species and other animals. To achieve this, human interference needs to be reduced, and the tribal and forest communities will be relocated from these areas. However, the government is committed to ensuring the well-being of the tribal communities by rehabilitating them in another suitable location, keeping their future in mind.

(c) NHRC Report:

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has issued a report regarding the planned relocation of tribal and forest communities from wildlife parks and sanctuaries such as Satpura National Park, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, and Panchmarhi Wildlife Sanctuary. According to the NHRC, these tribes and forest dwellers have been residing in forests for countless generations and depend on them for their survival. They have always been mindful of preserving and protecting trees, recognizing their significance in their lives.

10. Draw a web interconnecting different rights discussed in this chapter. For example right to freedom of movement is connected to the freedom of occupation. One reason for this is that freedom of movement enables a person to go to place of work within one’s village or city or to another village, city or state. Similarly this right can be used for pilgrimage, connected with freedom to follow one’s religion. Draw a circle for each right and mark arrows that show connection between or among different rights. For each arrow, give an example that shows the linkage.



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