NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 India-Size and Location

The NCERT Solutions for NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 India-Size and Location offer comprehensive answers to the exercises presented in the ‘Contemporary India’ textbook. These solutions serve as a valuable resource for students seeking accurate and reliable guidance. By referring to these NCERT Solutions, students can effectively prepare for their CBSE exams, as many questions are directly based on the content covered in NCERT textbooks. Utilizing these solutions will enable students to enhance their understanding of the topics and recognize the interconnections between different geographical concepts.

Below are the provided solutions for Chapter 1, India – Size and Location. Additionally, students can also access NCERT Solutions for other subjects in Class 9.

Question 1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(a) Rajasthan
(b) Odisha
(c) Chhattisgarh
(d) Tripura
Ans. (b) Odisha.

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is
(a) 97°25′ E
(b) 68°7′ E
(c) 77°6’E
(d) 82°32’E
Ans. (a) 97°25′ E

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Sikkim have common frontiers with
(a) China
(b) Bhutan
(c) Nepal
(d) Myanmar
Ans. (c) Nepal.

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India you will be going to
(a) Puducherry
(b) Lakshadweep
(c) Andaman and Nicobar
(d) Daman and Diu
Ans. (b) Lakshadweep.

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.
(a) Bhutan
(b) Tajikistan
(c) Bangladesh
(d) Nepal
Ans. (b) Tajikistan

Question 2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.
Ans. Lakshadweep islands lie in the Arabian Sea.

India is located in the Northern Hemisphere, with its mainland stretching between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N, and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E. The Tropic of Cancer, positioned at 23° 30’N, acts as a dividing line, almost bisecting the country into two equal parts. To the southwest of the mainland, in the Arabian Sea, lie the Lakshadweep Islands, while in the Bay of Bengal to the southeast of the mainland are the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.
Ans. Russia, Canada, the U.S.A, China, Brazil, and Australia are the countries that are larger than India.

Largest – Russia (17.09 million sq. km), India – 3.28 million sq. km

(iii) Which island group of India lies to its southeast?
Ans. Andaman and Nicobar island group lie to the south-east of India.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are situated in the Bay of Bengal, to the south-east of India. India shares a land boundary of approximately 15,200 km. When considering the islands of Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep, the total length of India’s coastline extends to 7,516.6 km.

(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbors?
Ans. Sri Lanka and Maldives are the two island countries that are our southern neighbors.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives are island countries located to the south of India. The Maldives Islands are situated south of the Lakshadweep Islands, while Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of the sea created by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Question 3. The sunrises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?

India has an approximate latitudinal and longitudinal extent of 30°. The north-south extent is greater than the east-west extent. There is a time difference of two hours between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh. Since Arunachal Pradesh is located on the eastern side of India, the sun rises there earlier compared to Gujarat. The Standard Meridian of India, passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh (at 82°30’E), is considered the reference for the country’s standard time. The latitudinal extent affects the duration of day and night as one moves from south to north. Consequently, watches display the same time across all parts of the country.

Question 4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?

India, situated as a southern extension of the Asian continent, holds a central position between East and West Asia. Its strategic location is enhanced by the Indian Ocean, which serves as a vital link between East Asian nations and Europe in the West. The presence of the Deccan Peninsula further extends India into the Indian Ocean, facilitating close connections with West Asia, Africa, and Europe along the western coast, as well as with Southeast and East Asia along the eastern coast. India stands unique in the world with its extensive coastline along the Indian Ocean, justifying the ocean being named after it.

Map Skills

Question 1. Identify the following with the help of map reading.

(i) The Island groups of India lying in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
(ii) The countries constituting the Indian Subcontinent.
(iii) The States through which the Tropic of Cancer passes.
(iv) The northernmost latitude in degrees.
(v) The southernmost latitude of the Indian mainland in degrees.
(vi) The eastern and the western-most longitude in degrees.
(vii) The place situated on the three seas.
(viii) The strait separating Sri Lanka from India.
(ix) The Union Territories of India.


NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 India-Size and Location

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